(L-R) Survivors Lessie Benningfield Randle, Viola Fletcher, and Hughes Van Ellis sing together at the conclusion of a rally during commemorations of the 100th anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre in 2021.
Brandon Bell/Getty Images
Brandon Bell/Getty Images
Over 100 years ago, one of the deadliest race riots in American history destroyed the prosperous neighborhood of Greenwood, in Tulsa, Okla. With the most recent lawsuit seeking reparations for victims now dismissed, will those victims ever obtain the justice they seek?
Who are they? The Tulsa race massacre killed as many as 300 Black people in the once prosperous Black community of Greenwood, Okla., and left more than 10,000 homeless.
Once known as “Black Wall Street,” Greenwood was a prominent Black business district that was destroyed in the two-day terrorist attack in 1921.
The living victims who are seeking reparations for the massacre include Lessie Benningfield Randle, Viola Fletcher, and Hughes Van Ellis, all over 100 years old. Fletcher, the oldest of the group, is 109 years old.
The lawsuit was first brought to the city of Tulsa in 2020, in pursuit of what the lead attorney called “justice in their lifetime.”
According to reporting from the Associated Press, the lawsuit was brought under Oklahoma’s public nuisance law, claiming that the lives lost and the damages suffered from the white supremacist attack continued to impact the city in the present day.
The lawsuit also sought a detailed accounting of the property and wealth that was destroyed in the massacre, the construction of a hospital in North Tulsa and a victim compensation fund, per the AP.
Wall tossed the case out on the basis of arguments made by the city, and by state authorities.
An argument from the defendants also claims the plaintiffs did not suffer “individualized injury” from the attack.
Viola Fletcher was just 7 years old when the mobs descended on her hometown:
I still smell smoke and see fire. I still see Black businesses being burned. I still hear airplanes flying overhead. I hear the screams. I have lived through the massacre every day. Our country may forget this history, but I cannot.
I am 107 years old and have never been – seen justice. I pray that one day I will. I have been blessed with a long life and have seen the best and the worst of this country. I think about the terror – horror — inflicted upon Black people in this country every day.
Her younger brother, Hughes Van Ellis, also testified on their unsuccessful attempts to seek justice through the legal system: